Spring Boot — Introduction
Spring Boot is an open-source Java-based framework used to create a micro Service. It is developed by the Pivotal Team and is used to build stand-alone and production-ready spring applications. This chapter will give you an introduction to Spring Boot and familiarize you with its basic concepts.
Must Know Concepts
Learning Spring Boot as a beginner can be an exciting journey, as it is a robust framework for building Java-based web applications. Here are some key learning notes and steps for beginners.
- Java Fundamentals: Before diving into Spring Boot, ensure you have a good grasp of Java programming fundamentals, including object-oriented concepts, data structures, and basic syntax.
- Setup Development Environment:
- Install Java Development Kit (JDK) and set up Java on your system.
- Install a preferred Integrated Development Environment (IDE) such as Eclipse, IntelliJ IDEA, Spring Tool Suit(STS), or Visual Studio Code.
- Maven/Gradle: Learn how to use build automation tools like Maven or Gradle. These tools help manage dependencies and build your Spring Boot project. Here are the differences between Maven/Gradle
- Spring Boot Project Setup:
- Create a new Spring Boot project using Spring Initializer(https://start.spring.io/) or your IDE’s project creation wizard.
- Configure dependencies for your project, such as Spring Web, Spring Data JPA, Spring Security, etc., based on your application’s needs.
- Understanding Annotations:
- Spring Boot heavily relies on annotations to configure and manage components. Learn about annotations like
@Autowired, and more.
- Frequently Used Annotations in Spring Boot
- Building RESTful APIs:
- Start by building simple RESTful APIs using Spring Boot.
- Understand the Request-Response cycle and how to map HTTP requests to Java methods.
- Database Connectivity:
- Learn how to connect to a database using Spring Data JPA or JDBC.
- Configure your application.properties or application.yml for database settings.
- Inversion of Control(IoC) and Dependency Injection:
- Inversion of Control is a principle in software engineering that transfers the control of objects or portions of a program to a container or framework
- One common implementation of IoC is the use of Dependency Injection (DI), which is a technique for supplying the dependencies (i.e., objects or services) that a class requires from an external source rather than creating them within the class itself
- Understand the concept of dependency injection in Spring.
@Autowiredand constructor-based injection to manage dependencies in your application.
- Error Handling:
- Implement proper error handling and exception handling in your Spring Boot application.
- Learn about global exception handlers and custom error responses.
- Write unit tests and integration tests for your Spring Boot application.
- Utilize testing frameworks like JUnit and Mockito.
- Logging and Debugging:
- Understand Spring Boot’s logging mechanisms.
- Use logs effectively for debugging and monitoring.
Remember that learning Spring Boot is a continuous process, and practical experience is key to becoming proficient. Start with simple projects and gradually work your way up to more complex applications as you gain confidence and expertise. Good luck with your Spring Boot journey!
Happy Learning …:)